Wearing a mouth guard is a must while playing contact sports. Despite efforts to prevent injuries some times, they’re inevitable. Sports injuries ca be a simple chip in the tooth to major injuries involving bone fractures. An immediate clinical examination and a proper diagnosis are crucial in preventing future complications and expensive procedures.
If a tooth completely dislocates from its socket, here are some steps to be followed from the time of injury to reaching a dental clinic.
An avulsed tooth is one that has been knocked out. A tooth can be knocked out for a number of reasons: often a blow to the mouth, or an accident involving the face. This can happen for example during contact sports. It is possible to replace the tooth in the socket successfully if the right action is taken as soon as possible.
Don’t panic, If a possible tooth needs to be replaced in the socket as soon as possible, ideally in under 30 minutes. But teeth have been successfully replaced up to 60 minutes after being knocked out. Avoid handling the root. If it is very dirty, rinse it with milk and wipe it with a clean cloth. Do not clean it with disinfectant or water or let it dry out. Hold the tooth by the crown and put it back into the socket firmly, root first. Bite on a clean handkerchief for about 15-20 minutes.
If not possible to place the tooth back into socket ,Get a clean handkerchief and fold it up, then hold it over the socket and bite down. Keep your jaws together to apply pressure. If you need something for the pain, don’t take any medication containing aspirin as this can encourage further bleeding. Do not apply clove oil to the wound.
Your tooth has more chance of survival if you keep it in your cheek until you can get emergency dental treatment. This will keep the tooth in its most natural environment. If this is not possible, keep it in some milk. Contact our surgery as soon as possible and we will tell you what options are available to restore the tooth. You may need dental x-rays to see if there is any root damage.
If you cannot find the tooth, you may have swallowed it. If you think you may have swallowed or inhaled it, you may need an x-ray to be sure of this.
We would not recommend re-implanting a baby tooth. Contact us as soon as possible for advice. We may need to examine the child to check if any fragments of the tooth are still in the gum. The best treatment would be to wait for the adult tooth to come through.
We will assess the immediate situation and may treat any facial injury. However, treatment may be limited if there is any bruising or bleeding. We may take x-rays and will check if the tooth has re-implanted successfully. You will probably need more appointments for follow-up treatment.
If the tooth has re-implanted successfully you may not need any further treatment as long as you keep up your regular check-ups with us. If the tooth becomes loose, it can be splinted to the teeth next to it. This means it will be temporarily attached to keep it firm until we determine whether it has re-implanted successfully.
If the tooth is lost or doesn’t implant successfully, it can be replaced at first with a denture. Then, when the socket has healed fully, you can have a bridge or dental implant.
You could wear a mouthguard – a rubber-like cover that fits over your teeth and protects you against a blow to the mouth. We can make one for you by taking an impression of your teeth and sending it to a laboratory. The laboratory then makes the mouthguard so that it fits your mouth exactly.